Jolliet, Louis


Jolliet, Louis
(1645-1700)
   Born at Quebec; son of a wagon-maker in the employ of the Company of New France. Educated by the Jesuits, and took minor orders, but renounced his clerical vocation to engage in the fur trade. Sent by Talon to discover copper-mines on Lake Superior, and met La Salle on his return journey, 1669, near the site of the city of Hamilton. In 1673 set out with Jacques Marquette (q.v.) to discover the Mississippi. Leaving Michilimackinac on May 17, they coasted the north shore of Lake Michigan, to the foot of Green Bay, ascended Fox River to Lake Winnebago, and descended the Wisconsin to the Mississippi, which they reached a month after leaving Michilimackinac. Descended the great river, passing the mouths of the Illinois, Missouri, Ohio, and Arkansas, and turned back from a village of the Arkansas Indians on July 17; returning to Lake Michigan by way of the Illinois. Jolliet was unfortunate enough to lose the records of his journey at the foot of the Lachine rapids, almost within sight of Montreal. Made a journey to Hudson Bay in 1679; and the following year received a grant of the Island of Anticosti, where he settled with his family. In 1694 explored the coast of Labrador. On his return made royal pilot for the St. Lawrence, and hydrographer of the colony.
   Index: F Discoverer of Mississippi, 155. WM Descends Mississippi, 19. L Follows course of Mississippi, 11; abandons priestly career and becomes explorer, 59; his exploration of Mississippi, 146; his burial, 147.
   Bib.: Parkman, La Salle; Faillon, Colonie Française en Canada; Margry, Découvertes et Établissements des Français; Gagnon, Louis Jolliet. See alsoMarquette.

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  • Jolliet, Louis — born before Sept. 21, 1645, probably Beaupré, near Quebec died after May 1700, Quebec province French Canadian explorer and cartographer. He led an expedition in the Great Lakes region in 1669. In 1672 he was commissioned by the governor of New… …   Universalium

  • Jolliet,Louis — Jol·li·et also Jo·li·et (jōʹlē ĕt , jō lē ĕtʹ, zhô lyāʹ), Louis. 1645 1700. French Canadian explorer of the upper Mississippi Valley who with Jacques Marquette sighted the Mississippi River on June 17, 1673, and descended it to the mouth of the… …   Universalium

  • Jolliet, Louis — (antes del 21 sep. 1645, probablemente Beaupré, cerca de Quebec, Canadá–después de may. 1700, prov. de Quebec). Explorador y cartógrafo francocanadiense. En 1669 condujo una expedición a la región de los Grandes Lagos y en 1672 el gobernador de… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Joliet (or Jolliet), Louis — (1645 1700)    explorer    Born in Quebec, where he studied with the Jesuits, Louis Joliet took minor orders then went to Paris to study cosmography. Upon returning to canada (1668), he engaged in trade and exploring the area of the Great Lakes,… …   France. A reference guide from Renaissance to the Present

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